One of the most intriguing mysteries is the one of the disappearance of the inhabitants of Easter Island. Recent research shows that there was something more than the popular theory of “ecocide” (destroy your natural surroundings). What also intrigues is actually how big the population was.
With the arrival of the Dutch on Easter Island in 1722, the total population was 1,500 to 3,000 people.Even then it was confusing how such a tiny population could build the giant statues that makes the islan so famous.
Be that as it may, current ethnographic and archeological proof proposes the population wasn’t generally as little as it was the point at which the Europeans discovered it, and simply a week ago a group of scholastics gave us the best gauge up until now. They have estimated a a peak population size of 17,500,which was published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.
The lead author Dr Cedric Puleston from the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, has stated that despite its practically entire confinement, the inhabitans of Easter Island made an entangled social structure and these stunning works before an emotional change happened.
“We’ve tried to solve one piece of the puzzle – to figure out the maximum population size before it fell. It appears the island could have supported 17,500 people at its peak, which represents the upper end of the range of previous estimates.” “If the population fell from 17,500 to the small number that missionaries counted many years after European contact, it presents a very different picture from the maximum population of 3,000 or less that some have suggested”- says Puleston.
The group found that 19 percent of the island could have been utilized to develop sweet potatoes, the Islanders’ essentialfood crop. By taking a gander during childbirth and demise rates and how they are influenced by sustenance accessibility, the scientists worked out what number of individuals could have survived due on the island.
“The result is a wide range of possible maximum population sizes, but to get the smallest values you have to assume the worst of everything,” explained Puleston. “If we compare our agriculture estimates with other Polynesian Islands, a population of 17,500 people on this size of island is entirely reasonable.”
This disclosure takes us one step closer to unwinding the riddle of Easter Island.
As an amazingly abnormal case, in the two its social accomplishments and its biological change, Easter Island is striking and imperative. It holds an air of mystery, yet it’s a genuine place and has a genuine history lived by genuine individuals. Dissipating that mystery conveys us nearer to understanding the idea of mankind.