Evidence Ascends in Favor of Early Inhabitants of the Americas Over 20,000 Years Before
According to journal “Antiquity,” recent article prehistoric people were hunting giant sloths in eastern Brazil about 23,000 years ago. This leads to even more further researches questioning the textbook presentation of when and how the Americas were populated.
“Science News,” suggests that variety of stone artifacts and bones of giant sloths were evidenced at the rock shelter site of Santa Elina between 1984 to 2004. They believe that the small, bony sloth skin plates were perforated and notched for becoming ornaments for humans living in the area. Besides the sloth remains and stone artifacts, remnants of hearths were also found in the sediment layers too.
Sediment’s dates, charcoal particles, and sloth bones reveal that people had reached Santa Elina at least 20,000 years ago. The dates also suggest that people were in the area again from about 10,120 to 2,000 years ago.
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A 2014 find suggests that a much earlier occupation of Brazil. The discovery contained stone tools embedded in a rock shelter dating from 22,000 years ago. April Holloway report on the discovery for Ancient Origins says : “The stone tools were found in Serra Da Capivara National Park, Brazil, a region steeped in history with thousands of rock art paintings across 945 separate sites. The tools were dated using thermo luminescence, a technique that measures the exposure of sediments to sunlight, to determine their age.”
According to a previous discovery, made in Uruguay, humans had used tools on a set of 30,000-year-old fossilized bones of giant sloths, saber-toothed cats, oversized armadillos, and other mega fauna that roamed the Americas until around 11,000 years ago.
A research for an Ice Age site in San Diego, conducted in April, 2017, came up with even more controversial date by proposing that people were already in the Americas 130,000 years ago . The supporting evidence is that date comes from a trove of ancient bones that were also apparently modified by early humans.
These 3 different finds come in into a category of the common evidence provided for earlier migration dates into the Americas – artifacts and hearth. Finds’ origin are dated thanks to the usage of the sediment they contained. According to the critics’ claims it appears that humans have been manipulating the artifacts and do not provide a strong evidence of ascertaining that the humans were in Americas earlier that the existing view.I t is much rarer to hear of human bones older than 10,000 being discovered anywhere in the Americas. But that doesn’t mean there aren’t any.
Researches’ findings on a prehistoric human skeleton found in the Chan Hol Cave on the Yucatán Peninsula which is at least 13,000 years old were presented, in September, 2017.
Unfortunately, the site of the find was looted shortly after the discovery of the human skeleton in February 2012; unknown divers stole all the bones lying around on the ground of the cave. The hip bone investigated by the German-Mexican researchers remained however - it was protected by the rock-hard lime-sinter of the stalagmite.
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There is also an existence of many recent studies which go against the perspective of how the Americas were inhabited. For instance, according to one emerging view, ancient maritime travelers set out from Beringia about 16,000 years ago, and within just 1500 years their followers had ended up all the way down the Pacific coast to modern day Chile.
A recent analysis of human skulls provides evidence that the Americas were not just populated by one wave of migration but it is worth nothing – in fact, researchers have stated that several migrations of ancient Asians and possibly Australian or Polynesian people took for the Americas’ population thousands of years ago.
The old belief in ‘Clovis-first’ regarding the peopling of the Americas is now falling by the wayside as recent discoveries and improved dating techniques show time and again that the old picture doesn’t quite fit with the new information.