Great Sphinx at the Giza was always known as one of the most mysterious and enigmatic monuments, and most certainly one of the oldest. According to latest research made by two Ukrainian researchers, it appears that this work of art is approximately 800,000 years old.
The study was presented at the International Conference of Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy held in Sofia titled: GEOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE PROBLEM OF DATING THE GREAT EGYPTIAN SPHINX CONSTRUCTION.
According to Manichev and Parkhomenko, scientists from the Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Sphinx had to be submerged for a very long period under water and to support this assumption, they point in the direction of the present literature of geological studies of the Giza Plateau.
Based on all of these research towards the end of the Pliocene geologic period (between 5.2 and 1.6 million years ago), sea water entered the Nile valley and progressively making flood in the region. This triggered the development of lacustrine deposits which have been at the point of 180 m above the existing level of the Mediterranean Sea.
In their paper, they point to the evidence of water erosion present at the monuments of the Giza Plateau:
“The problem of dating the Great Egyptian Sphinx construction is still valid, despite of the long-term history of its research. Geological approach in connection to other scientific-natural methods permits to answer the question about the relative age of the Sphinx. The conducted visual investigation of the Sphinx allowed the conclusion about the important role of water from large water bodies which partially flooded the monument with formation of wave-cut hollows on its vertical walls.”
“The morphology of these formations has an analogy with similar such hollows formed by the sea in the coastal zones. Genetic resemblance of the compared erosion forms and the geological structure and petrographic composition of sedimentary rock complexes lead to a conclusion that the decisive factor of destruction of the historic monument is the wave energy rather than sand abrasion in Eolian process. Voluminous geological literature confirms the fact of existence of long-living fresh-water lakes in various periods of the Quaternary from the Lower Pleistocene to the Holocene. These lakes were distributed in the territories adjacent to the Nile. The absolute mark of the upper large erosion hollow of the Sphinx corresponds to the level of water surface which took place in the Early Pleistocene. The Great Egyptian Sphinx had already stood on the Giza Plateau by that geological (historical) time.”
The main focus of Manichev and Parkhomenko was the deteriorated aspect of the body of the Sphinx, as well as the undulating surface of the Sphinx which portrays the unexplainable design.
Their argument is influenced by their earlier expertise on mountainous and coastal regions of the Caucasus and Crimea which winds and erosion differs morphologically to the erosive features discovered on the Sphinx. So despite of the composition of rocks, this sort of wind erosion would have an incredibly soft effect.
“In our geological field expeditions in different mountains and littoral zones of the Crimea and Caucasus we could often observe the forms of Eolian weathering which morphology differs considerably from the weathering taking place on the GES. Most natural forms of weathering are of smoothed character, independent of lithological composition of the rocks.”
They continue further and explain:
“Our personal experience in scientific investigation of geology of the sea coasts gives reasons to draw an analogy with the GES and to suggest another mechanism of its destruction. Specialists-geologists, who work in the field of sea-coast geomorphology, know such forms of relief as wave-cut hollows (Morskaya Geomorfologiya, 1980). They can be one- and multi-storey. They are arranged horizontally to the sea water surface, if the coast makes a vertical wall (cliff). Especially deep wave-cut hollows are formed in precipitous cliffs built by the strata of carbonaceous rocks. Such forms of the coast relief are well-known and studied in detail on the Black-Sea coast of the Caucasus and Crimea (Popov, 1953; Zenkovich, 1960). General model of formation of the wave-cut hollows in the rocks of the Caucasian flysch is given by Popov (1953, 162; Fig. 3). In dynamics of the process of wave-cut hollows formation one can notice such a characteristic feature that the wave energy is directed to the rock stratum at the level of water surface. Besides, both saline and fresh water can dissolve the rocks.”
A great number of people might call their theory bold and tremendous since this would imply that the Great Sphinx would place herself in a period where no human being on earth was present, according to the well known evolutionary models. Furthermore, the two megalithic temples, positioned beside Great Sphinx were constructed by the same stone which implies they would too date back 800,000 years.
This could mean that the mainstream scientists would finally need to accept that the ancient civilizations inhabited our planet longer than we previously thought.